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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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the dispersed light being at first nearly homogeneous, and of the same refrangibility as the active light. On proceeding onwards in the spectrum, in observing by the fourth method, the orange beam became brighter, and yellow entered into it, but no colour beyond that, so that the orange and yellow beam was left behind by the beam of falsely dispersed light, from which it was separated by a perfectly dark interval. The green dispersion began about 6, or a little beyond, coming on almost abruptly. The manner of its commencement was best observed by the fourth method, by holding a prism to the eye while the lens was moved through the spectrum. In this way it was found that on arriving at the point of the spectrum above mentioned, a gleam of green light shot across the dark space which before separated the beam of falsely dispersed light from the orange beam of truly dispersed light. As the lens moved on, the green dispersed light grew brighter, but its more refrangible limit did not seem to pass, or at least much to pass, the refrangibility it had at first; so that the green beam of truly dispersed light was almost immediately left behind by the beam of falsely dispersed light. The former, on being left behind, soon died away.
67. We might suppose either that the red, orange and green dispersions are due to the same sensitive principle, or that they are produced by three distinct sensitive principles mixed together in the solution. The latter would appear the more probable supposition, to judge by the apparent want of connexion between the three dispersions. This view is strongly confirmed by the following results. Some ether was poured on archil in the fluid state, and after being gently moved about and allowed to stand, a little was withdrawn without agitation. A purplish rose-coloured fluid was thus obtained, which was highly sensitive, exhibiting the orange and green dispersions but not the red. The orange dispersion was far more copious, in proportion to the whole quantity of dispersed light, than had been the case with archil diluted with water.
Some archil was violently agitated with ether, and after subsidence the ether was withdrawn. This ethereal solution was much deeper in colour than the former, and exhibited the red dispersion in addition to the orange and green. On adding a small quantity of water, and agitating, a separation, or at least